The earliest evidence of the use of Cannabis is circa 2900 BC. It was in the court of a Chinese emperor that the use of cannabis was described as a popular medicine possessing both yin and yang. Its healing properties were discovered together with ginseng as herbal medicinal plants. Later it was officially added in royal pharmacopeia as an official medicine. The plant was also thought to be mentioned in the Vedas, a Hindu sacred text also called ganja. It was used in rituals to induce trance and also to calm a patient. It was recorded that it was widely used as a cure for leprosy and has anti-phlegmatic properties. There are many historical records indicating cannabis extract as a household medicine used to lower fever, induce sleep, and cure dysentery. It was also known to be used by local healers to stimulate appetite.
Cannabis has been historically known as a remedy for inflammation, even gout, and rheumatism. It was stated that the extracts from a cannabis plant suppress sexual longing and earache, also boiling cannabis plant roots are said to be an effective remedy for gout and can be used as a natural and organic painkiller. It has also been used as an anesthetic.
Cannabis was prescribed as a cure for depression in the early 1600s. The French used it as a sedative used for medical purposes. Even Queen Victoria was reportedly introduced to medical cannabis extract to aid her in menstrual cramps, muscle spasms and a variety of ailments. It was known to be administered by mouth. Early Medicine in Europe also used medical cannabis to induce childbirth, it was said that extract from cannabis promotes uterine contractions.
In the mid-1800s, it is interesting to note that medical practitioners were open to the notion that cannabis may be used to treat addictions such as alcoholism and opiate addiction, and even insanity. It was also used to treat asthma since it has a calming effect on a person, thus helps in keeping rhythmic breathing in patients with asthma and helped suppress cough.
In 1911, the first action to outlaw the use of cannabis was enacted as a federal law in the USA. By the 1930s there remained just a few medical brands selling cannabis extract, carefully branded as a non-toxic and non-poisonous medicine according to the court of law.
Now medical marijuana has been widely , though there remain many countries, and states in the USA banning the use of marijuana even as a medicine. Scientific research is still unfolding and discovering the many benefits of cannabis not just as a recreational drug, but the medical wonder that it is.
CBD can be supplied in different forms. It can be sold as plain raw product, or can also be distributed as ready-to-use products such as medicines and cosmetics.
- Raw material – CBD raw materials are commonly sold to manufacture other CBD-containing products with various uses. The most common CBD raw materials for sale are cannabis buds that contain high CBD and CBD pastes or extracts.
- Medicinal products – These are CBD-containing products that are intended mainly for medical purposes and have proven therapeutic effects. They need authorization before they can be distributed in the market.
- Foodstuffs – These refer to CBD-enriched foods that are tried and tested to be safe for consumption. A few examples are hemp seed oil enriched with CBD and food supplements with CBD.
- Cosmetics – If you want to feel the benefits of CBD in little amounts, there are already cosmetics that contain CBD in their ingredients.
- E-cigarettes - You can now smoke CBD-containing liquids in your cigarettes and feel its benefits without the high.
- Chemicals – These products are packaged and labeled accordingly on the Chemicals Ordinance. They can be sold legally as CBD-containing scented oils.
- Tobacco substitute – CBD-containing tobacco substitutes are considered legal provided that they have low THC content which is less than 1% of the total THC content.
Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychotomimetic compound present in the Cannabis sativa plant, exhibits therapeutic potential for various human diseases, including chronic neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, ischemic stroke, epilepsy and other convulsive syndromes, neuropsychiatric disorders, neuropathic allodynia and certain types of cancer.